This blog helps sharpen the recognition of particulars in the creation account texts, especially in regard to structure and time. Good exegesis provides a good framework for Christian understanding. The pattern of creation in Genesis 1 follows regularly as: an announcement (And God said), command (let there be), report (and it was so), evaluation (And God said that it was good), and temporal framework (And there was evening and morning, the ... day).Read More
Our culture has a history of misogyny and patriarchalism (and racism, but that is a topic for another time). In the patriarchy that defines most of the 5,000-year history of civilization, men have viewed women as not only inferior, but often as property. The Old Testament if rife with such stories (Judges 19, for instance). Men controlled their daughters and then their wives. Women were condemned for adultery, even to death (note that the woman caught in adultery in John 8 was condemned although no man was accused with her). While most of us would never consider a woman property, or even inferior to men, we need to admit that we cannot live without being influenced by our culture. Why do all these men keep getting accused of sexual harassment and misconduct? Can we admit that we see sexual harassment and misconduct even though the behavior has been acceptable in our culture for hundreds (maybe thousands) of years. We must name it and fight it—if we hope to live above it!Read More
This semester, I am teaching an online class titled Theological Foundations of Christian Spirituality. The focus is to review major biblical doctrines and explore ways to live out those sets of beliefs more fully, in obedience to Jesus. This discipline is called spiritual theology.
To lay the foundations of spiritual theology, the class begins by reviewing biblical understandings of this discipline and then historical foundations. One of the historical figures reviewed was Francis of Assisi, who is traditionally considered the author of the Prayer of Peace. However, the earliest known publication of the prayer was in 1912, written in French. Whoever the original author, the words have impacted me for a long time. In fact, I learned a choral piece, based on the prayer, in college, and my husband and I sang a duet version of the prayer during our wedding. That was almost 43 years ago.Read More
Comparing the beginning of Genesis creation accounts surfaces the same grammatical structure: a summary of creation, followed by three circumstantial clauses (Gen 1:1–2; 2:4–6). The summary is not a separate event from the whole of the creation account, so it could be viewed as introducing the account that follows.Read More
Adam C. English writes in The Saint Who Would Be Santa Clause that there is historical evidence supporting Saint Nicholas’s existence. In Myra, there is a Saint Nicholas tomb and a church at the port, which was constructed for his congregation in the early 300s. He is remembered because he lived “a life of faith, to be sure, but it was also one of adventure and honor, justice and charity, goodwill and thick resolve.”Read More
The Infancy Narratives found in Matthew and Luke have perplexed scripture scholars for decades. Was there a census? Was Jesus born in Bethlehem? What was the star? What time of the year was he born? Were there eyewitnesses of the birth? If he was born in Bethlehem, why is he known as the Nazarene?Read More